Volume 449, Number 3, April III 2006
|Page(s)||1139 - 1149|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||24 March 2006|
Unveiling the nature of INTEGRAL objects through optical spectroscopy
III. Observations of seven southern sources
INAF – Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Bologna, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire, SO17 1BJ, UK
3 INAF – Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Roma, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma, Italy
4 South African Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 9, Observatory 7935, South Africa
5 Department of Mathemathics & Applied Mathemathics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
Accepted: 15 December 2005
Context. The detection, thanks to the INTEGRAL satellite, of a number of new hard X-ray sources calls for the identification of their nature by means of observations at longer wavelengths. Aims. In our continuing campaign to identify longer-wavelength counterparts of these newly-discovered hard X-ray sources detected by INTEGRAL, we observed the putative optical counterparts of seven southern sources at the South African Astronomical Observatory and at the European Southern Observatory. Methods. Optical spectroscopy was performed on all candidates of these X-ray sources. For two of these objects, optical photometry was also acquired. Results. These observations firmly established the nature of four of these sources: we found that IGR J10404-4625 (=LEDA 93974), 4U 1344-60 and IGR J16482-3036 are Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs) at redshifts z = 0.0237, 0.013 and 0.0313, respectively, and that 2RXP J130159.6-635806 is a Galactic High-Mass X-ray Binary (HMXB). We also give possible optical identifications for three further objects, namely IGR J11215-5952, IGR J11305-6256 and IGR J16207-5129, which are consistent with being Galactic HMXBs. Physical parameters for these objects are also evaluated by collecting and discussing the available multiwavelength information. Conclusions. The detection of four definite or likely HMXBs out of seven objects in our sample further stresses INTEGRAL's crucial contribution in hunting this class of object. Also, the determination of the extragalactic nature of a substantial fraction of the INTEGRAL survey sources underlines the importance of hard X-ray observations for the study of background AGNs located beyond the “Zone of Avoidance” of the Galactic Plane.
Key words: X-rays: binaries / X-rays: galaxies / galaxies: Seyfert / techniques: spectroscopic
© ESO, 2006
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