Volume 449, Number 3, April III 2006
|Page(s)||869 - 878|
|Published online||24 March 2006|
On the intensity and spatial morphology of the 511 keV emission in the Milky Way
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis Bd. Arago, 75104 Paris, France e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 19 December 2005
The positron emissivity of the Galactic bulge and disk, resulting from radioactivity of SNIa, is reassessed in the light of a recent evaluation of the SNIa rate. It is found that the disk may supply more positrons than required by recent observations, but the bulge (where the characteristic e+ annihilation line at 511 keV is in fact observed by SPI/INTEGRAL) only about 10% of the total. It is argued that a large fraction of the disk positrons may be transported via the regular magnetic field of the Galaxy into the bulge, where they annihilate. This would increase both the bulge positron emissivity and the bulge/disk ratio, alleviating considerably the constraints imposed by INTEGRAL data analysis. We argue that the bulge/disk ratio can be considerably smaller than the values derived by the recent analysis of Knödlseder et al. (2005, A&A, 441, 513), if the disk positrons diffuse sufficiently away from their sources, as required by our model; this possibility could be soon tested, as data are accumulated in the SPI detectors. The success of the proposed scenario depends critically upon the, very poorly known at present, properties of the galactic magnetic field and of the propagation of low energy positrons in it.
Key words: ISM: cosmic rays / gamma rays: theory
© ESO, 2006
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