Detection of an optical filament in the Monogem Ring
Institut für Astrophysik, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstraße 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria e-mail: [ronald.weinberger;giovanna.temporin]@uibk.ac.at
2 Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, 07778 Tautenburg, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 17 November 2005
The Monogem Ring is a huge bright soft X-ray enhancement with a diameter of ~25°. This 0.3 kpc distant structure is a peculiar Galactic supernova remnant in that it is obviously visible only in X-rays, due to its expansion into a region of extremely low ambient density: hence, practically no optical emission or a neutral shell was expected to be detectable. Here we report on the discovery of a very faint arc-like nebula on a POSS II R film copy, at the south-eastern borders of the MR. Spectroscopy revealed this filament to have a very large λ 6716+6731/Hα ratio of up to ~1.8, indicating shock excitation, and a low density of Ne < 100 cm-3. There is no hint of  emission in the spectra. On deep wide-field direct images in Hα and in  the nebula appears as a ~20´ long, thin (~1´), structured filament, stretching N-S. We believe that this filament belongs to the MR and became visible due to the interaction of the expanding remnant with a mild density increase in the interstellar medium. Only one other possible optical filament of the MR has been reported in the literature, but no spectrum was provided.
Key words: ISM: supernova remnants / ISM: individual objects: Monogem Ring
© ESO, 2006