Volume 447, Number 3, March I 2006
|Page(s)||827 - 842|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||10 February 2006|
Simulations of galactic winds and starbursts in galaxy clusters
Institut für Astrophysik, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria e-mail: email@example.com
2 Institut für Astrophysik, Universität Göttingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
3 Institut für Astronomie, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Wien, Austria
4 School of Mathematics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, Scotland, UK
Accepted: 24 October 2005
We present an investigation of the metal enrichment of the intra-cluster medium (ICM) by galactic winds and merger-driven starbursts. We use combined N-body/hydrodynamic simulations with a semi-numerical galaxy formation model. The mass loss by galactic winds is obtained by calculating transonic solutions of steady state outflows, driven by thermal, cosmic ray and MHD wave pressure. The inhomogeneities in the metal distribution caused by these processes are an ideal tool to reveal the dynamical state of a galaxy cluster. We present surface brightness, X-ray emission weighted temperature and metal maps of our model clusters as they would be observed by X-ray telescopes like XMM-Newton. We show that X-ray weighted metal maps distinguish between pre- or post-merger galaxy clusters by comparing the metallicity distribution with the galaxy-density distribution: pre-mergers have a metallicity gap between the subclusters, post-mergers a high metallicity between subclusters. We apply our approach to two observed galaxy clusters, Abell 3528 and Abell 3921, to show whether they are pre- or post-merging systems. The survival time of the inhomogeneities in the metallicity distribution found in our simulations is up to several Gyr. We show that galactic winds and merger-driven starbursts enrich the ICM very efficiently after in the central (~3 Mpc radius) region of a galaxy cluster.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: abundances / galaxies: interactions / galaxies: ISM / X-ray: galaxies: clusters
© ESO, 2006
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