Volume 447, Number 2, February IV 2006
|Page(s)||769 - 781|
|Section||Instruments, observational techniques, and data processing|
|Published online||07 February 2006|
Calibration of the PRONAOS/SPM submillimeter photometer
Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), Bât. 121, Université Paris-Sud 11 and CNRS (UMR8617), 91405 Orsay, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 LERMA, CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, 61 av. de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
3 Centre d'Étude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS, 9 av. du Colonel Roche, BP 4346, 31028 Toulouse, France
4 ESA-ESTEC, Astrophysics Division, Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands
5 Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, 98 bis bd. Arago, 75014 Paris, France
6 Service d'Aéronomie, CNRS, BP 3, 91371 Verrières Le Buisson, France
Accepted: 14 October 2005
Context. Aims.PRONAOS is a stratospheric balloon-borne project dedicated to submillimeter astronomy. Sensitive to low emission gradients, PRONAOS allowed pointed observations in four photometric bands between 200 μm and 1.2 mm with an angular resolution of 2′ to 3.5′. We present here the PRONAOS calibration strategy and the accuracy achieved. Methods.An absolute calibration scheme based on an Internal Calibration System provided original photometric data. The accurate determination of the spectral dependence of the measured fluxes is a key to the understanding of the cold universe. Results. We demonstrate that the PRONAOS absolute photometric accuracy is 8% (1-σ) and that the channel to channel relative accuracy is 6% (1-σ). This calibration is checked against observations of Saturn. We show that the PRONAOS calibration is in good agreement with the present knowledge of the Saturn submillimeter emission. PRONAOS observations also agrees with the observations of several compact and extended sources by the COBE/DIRBE or the ISOPHOT instruments. Conclusions.
© ESO, 2006
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