XMM-Newton observations of the σ Orionis cluster
II. Spatial and spectral analysis of the full EPIC field
INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 Astrophysics Division – Research and Science Support Department of ESA, ESTEC, Postbus 299, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
Accepted: 15 September 2005
We present the results of an XMM-Newton observation of the young ( Myr) cluster around the hot star σ Orionis. In a previous paper we presented the analysis of the RGS spectrum of the central hot star; here we discuss the results of the analysis of the full EPIC field. We have detected 175 X-ray sources, 88 of which have been identified with cluster members, including very low-mass stars down to the substellar limit. We detected eleven new possible candidate members from the 2MASS catalogue. We find that late-type stars have a median , i.e. very close to the saturation limit. We detected significant variability in % of late-type members or candidates, including 10 flaring sources; rotational modulation is detected in one K-type star and possibly in another 3 or 4 stars. Spectral analysis of the brightest sources shows typical quiescent temperatures in the range keV and keV, with subsolar abundances , similar to what is found in other star-forming regions and associations. We find no significant difference in the spectral properties of classical and weak-lined T Tauri stars, although classical T Tauri stars tend to be less X-ray luminous than weak-lined T Tauri stars.
Key words: open clusters and associations: individual: σ Orionis / stars: activity / stars: coronae / stars: pre-main sequence / stars: late-type / X-rays: stars
© ESO, 2006