Volume 446, Number 2, February I 2006
|Page(s)||591 - 602|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||13 January 2006|
The broad-band spectrum of Cygnus X-1 measured by INTEGRAL
Service d'Astrophysique, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette, France e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 APC-UMR 7164, 11 place M. Berthelot, 75231 Paris, France
3 AIM-UMR 7158, France
4 ISDC, 16 Chemin d'Ecogia, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
5 N. Copernicus Astronomical Center, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland
6 INAF/IASF, Sezione di Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
7 Centre d'Étude Spatiale des Rayonnements, 31028 Toulouse, France
Accepted: 31 August 2005
The INTEGRAL satellite extensively observed the black hole binary Cygnus X-1 from 2002 November to 2004 November during calibration, open time and core program (Galactic Plane Scan) observations. These data provide evidence for significant spectral variations over the period. In the framework of the accreting black hole phenomenology, the source was most of the time in the Hard State and occasionally switched to the so-called “Intermediate State”. Using the results of the analysis performed on these data, we present and compare the spectral properties of the source over the whole energy range (5 keV–1 MeV) covered by the high-energy instruments on board INTEGRAL, in both observed spectral states. Fe line and reflection component evolution occurs with spectral changes in the hard and soft components. The observed behaviour of Cygnus X-1 is consistent with the general picture of galactic black holes. Our results give clues to the physical changes that took place in the system (disc and corona) at almost constant luminosity during the spectral transitions and provide new measures of the spectral model parameters. In particular, during the Intermediate State of 2003 June, we observe in the Cygnus X-1 data a high-energy tail at several hundred keV in excess of the thermal Comptonization model which suggests the presence of an additional non-thermal component.
Key words: black hole physics / stars: individual: Cygnus X-1 / gamma rays: observations / X-rays: binaries / X-rays: general
© ESO, 2006
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