Volume 446, Number 1, January IV 2006
|Page(s)||71 - 85|
|Published online||09 January 2006|
Multifrequency VLBA monitoring of 3C 273 during the INTEGRAL Campaign in 2003
I. Kinematics of the parsec scale jet from 43 GHz data
Tuorla Observatory, Väisäläntie 20, 21500, Piikkiö, Finland e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Explorations Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshindai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan
3 Department of Physics, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland
4 Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Helsinki University of Technology, Metsähovintie 114, 02540 Kylmälä, Finland
Accepted: 29 August 2005
In this first of a series of papers describing polarimetric multifrequency Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) monitoring of 3C 273 during a simultaneous campaign with the INTEGRAL γ-ray satellite in 2003, we present 5 Stokes I images and source models at 7 mm. We show that a part of the inner jet (1-2 milliarcsec from the core) is resolved in a direction transverse to the flow, and we analyse the kinematics of the jet within the first 10 mas. Based on the VLBA data and simultaneous single-dish flux density monitoring, we determine an accurate value for the Doppler factor of the parsec scale jet, and using this value with observed proper motions, we calculate the Lorentz factors and the viewing angles for the emission components in the jet. Our data indicates a significant velocity gradient across the jet with the components travelling near the southern edge being faster than the components with more northern path. We discuss our observations in the light of jet precession model and growing plasma instabilities.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: jets / galaxies: quasars: individual: 3C 273
© ESO, 2006
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