Gravity-darkening exponents in semi-detached binary systems from their photometric observations. II.
Astronomical Observatory, Volgina 7, 11160 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro e-mail: email@example.com
2 Isaac Newton Institute of Chile, Yugoslav branch
3 Section of Astrophysics-Astronomy & Mechanics, Dept. of Physics, Athens University, GR Zografos 157 84, Athens, Greece e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 Institute of Astronomy & Astrophysics, National Observatory of Athens, PO Box 20048, 118 10 Athens, Greece
Accepted: 21 July 2005
This second part of our study concerning gravity-darkening presents the results for 8 semi-detached close binary systems. From the light-curve analysis of these systems the exponent of the gravity-darkening (GDE) for the Roche lobe filling components has been empirically derived. The method used for the light-curve analysis is based on Roche geometry, and enables simultaneous estimation of the systems' parameters and the gravity-darkening exponents. Our analysis is restricted to the black-body approximation which can influence in some degree the parameter estimation. The results of our analysis are: 1) For four of the systems, namely: TX UMa, β Per, AW Cam and TW Cas, there is a very good agreement between empirically estimated and theoretically predicted values for purely convective envelopes. 2) For the AI Dra system, the estimated value of gravity-darkening exponent is greater, and for UX Her, TW And and XZ Pup lesser than corresponding theoretical predictions, but for all mentioned systems the obtained values of the gravity-darkening exponent are quite close to the theoretically expected values. 3) Our analysis has proved generally that with the correction of the previously estimated mass ratios of the components within some of the analysed systems, the theoretical predictions of the gravity-darkening exponents for stars with convective envelopes are highly reliable. The anomalous values of the GDE found in some earlier studies of these systems can be considered as the consequence of the inappropriate method used to estimate the GDE. 4) The empirical estimations of GDE given in Paper I and in the present study indicate that in the light-curve analysis one can apply the recent theoretical predictions of GDE with high confidence for stars with both convective and radiative envelopes.
Key words: stars: binaries: eclipsing / stars: binaries: close / stars: horizontal-branch
© ESO, 2005