Volume 444, Number 2, December III 2005
|Page(s)||505 - 519|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||25 November 2005|
Crushing of interstellar gas clouds in supernova remnants
I. The role of thermal conduction and radiative losses
INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo “G.S. Vaiana”, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 Dip. di Scienze Fisiche & Astronomiche, Univ. di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
3 Dept. of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 S. Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
4 Center for Astrophysical Thermonuclear Flashes, University of Chicago, 5640 S. Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Accepted: 29 July 2005
We model the hydrodynamic interaction of a shock wave of an evolved supernova remnant with a small interstellar gas cloud like the ones observed in the Cygnus loop and in the Vela SNR. We investigate the interplay between radiative cooling and thermal conduction during cloud evolution and their effect on the mass and energy exchange between the cloud and the surrounding medium. Through the study of two cases characterized by different Mach numbers of the primary shock ( and 50, corresponding to a post-shock temperature K and ≈ K, respectively), we explore two very different physical regimes: for , the radiative losses dominate the evolution of the shocked cloud which fragments into cold, dense, and compact filaments surrounded by a hot corona which is ablated by the thermal conduction; instead, for , the thermal conduction dominates the evolution of the shocked cloud, which evaporates in a few dynamical time-scales. In both cases we find that the thermal conduction is very effective in suppressing the hydrodynamic instabilities that would develop at the cloud boundaries.
Key words: hydrodynamics / shock waves / ISM: clouds / ISM: supernova remnants
© ESO, 2005
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