Volume 443, Number 1, November III 2005
|Page(s)||211 - 222|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||21 October 2005|
Properties of galactic B[e] supergiants
V. Two-dimensional radiative transfer model of RY Sct and its dusty disc
Institute for Computational Astrophysics, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, NS B3H 3C3, Canada e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
3 Ritter Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606-3390, USA
4 Central Astronomical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences at Pulkovo, 196140, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Accepted: 23 June 2005
We present results of the first two-dimensional radiative transfer modelling of the eclipsing binary RY Sct and its dusty disc. Assuming an effective temperature = 27 000 K for both components and the distance D = 1.8 kpc, we derive the total luminosity = . The optically thin dusty disc ( in the equatorial plane) extends from its inner boundary at AU to the distances of AU, where it blends into the interstellar medium. The very high energy output of the supergiants heats up the interstellar dust, well beyond the outer boundary, to temperatures of ~ 100 K. It is the large interstellar extinction towards RY Sct ( mag) that defines its spectral energy distribution in the ultraviolet, optical and near infrared. The disc has a full opening angle = 26° and we observe it at a viewing angle = 14° from its midplane (inclination i = 76°). There is a strong density enhancement in the disc within a narrow ring at r = 1500 AU, that emits most of the infrared flux and is prominent in Keck telescope images (Gehrz et al. 2001, ApJ, 559, 395). The dust mass contained in the disc within 1´´ from the star ( 1800 AU) is , by a factor of 3 lower than in previous estimates. However, in our model there is ~30 times more mass in the surroundings of the binary system than within the dense ring. As much as 95% of the total dust mass and gas mass M = 0.017 of the circumbinary material is contained in the outer, old wind at 1800 AU. Presumably the dense ring has been created by a fast wind that swept out and compressed the previously lost material in the older and slower stellar wind. Based on the new Keck data, our model predicts that presently there is a relatively large number of small, hot dust grains in the dust formation zone, whose emission substantially changes the shape of the SED of RY Sct in the near infrared. This suggests a higher mass-loss rate or dust-to-gas mass ratio or lower wind velocity, or a combination of these factors.
Key words: stars: emission-line, Be / stars: individual: RY Sct / stars: circumstellar matter / radiative transfer
© ESO, 2005
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