Volume 440, Number 3, September IV 2005
|Page(s)||981 - 994|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||05 September 2005|
Hydrodynamical stellar models including rotation, internal gravity waves, and atomic diffusion
I. Formalism and tests on Pop I dwarfs
Département de Physique, Université de Montréal, Montréal PQ H3C 3J7, Canada
2 Observatoire de Genève, 51 ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
3 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Toulouse et Tarbes, CNRS UMR 5572, OMP, 14 av. E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France e-mail: Suzanne.Talon@astro.umontreal.ca, Corinne.Charbonnel@obs.unige.ch
Accepted: 9 May 2005
In this paper, we develop a formalism, in order to incorporate the contribution of internal gravity waves to the transport of angular momentum and chemicals over long time-scales in stars. We show that the development of a double-peaked shear layer acts as a filter for waves, and also how the asymmetry of this filter produces momentum extraction from the core when it is rotating faster than the surface. Using only this filtered flux, it is possible to follow the contribution of internal waves over long (evolutionary) time-scales. We then present the evolution of the internal rotation profile using this formalism for stars which are spun down via magnetic torquing. We show that waves tend to slow down the core, creating a “slow” front that may then propagate from the core to the surface. Further spin down of the surface leads to the formation of a new front. Finally we show how this momentum transport reduces rotational mixing in a , model, leading to a surface lithium abundance in agreement with observations in the Hyades.
Key words: hydrodynamics / stars: evolution / turbulence / waves / stars: abundances
© ESO, 2005
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