XMM-Newton spectroscopy of the metal depleted T Tauri star TWA 5
Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche ed Astronomiche, Sezione di Astronomia, Università di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy e-mail: [argi;peres;stelzer]@astropa.unipa.it
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitäts-Sternwarte, Schillergässchen 2-3, 07745 Jena, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 28 April 2005
We present results of X-ray spectroscopy for TWA 5, a member of the young TW Hydrae association, observed with XMM-Newton. TWA 5 is a multiple system which shows Hα emission, a signature typical of classical T Tauri stars, but no infrared excess. From this analysis of the RGS and EPIC spectra, we have derived the emission measure distribution vs. temperature of the X-ray emitting plasma, its abundances, and the electron density. The characteristic temperature and density of the plasma suggest a corona similar to that of weak-line T Tauri stars and active late-type main sequence stars. TWA 5 also shows low iron abundance (~0.1 times the solar photospheric one) and a pattern of increasing abundances for elements with increasing first ionization potential reminiscent of the inverse FIP effect observed in highly active stars. The especially high ratio is similar to that of the classical T Tauri star TW Hya, where the accreting material has been held responsible for the X-ray emission. We discuss the possible role of an accretion process in this scenario. Since all T Tauri stars in the TW Hydrae association studied so far have very high ratios, we also propose that environmental conditions may cause this effect.
Key words: X-rays: stars / techniques: spectroscopic / stars: activity / stars: abundances / stars: pre-main sequence / stars: individual: TWA 5
© ESO, 2005