V4332 Sagittarii revisited
Department for Astrophysics, N. Copernicus Astronomical Centre, Rabiańska 8, 87-100 Toruń, Poland e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Centre for Astronomy, N. Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland
3 South African Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 9, Observatory 7935, South Africa
Accepted: 8 May 2005
The eruption of V4332 Sgr discovered in February 1994 shows striking similarities to that of V838 Mon started in January 2002. The nature of these eruptions is, however, enigmatic and unclear. We present new photometric and spectroscopic data on V4332 Sgr obtained in April–May 2003 at the SAAO. The obtained spectrum shows an unusual emission-line component superimposed on an early M-type stellar spectrum. The emission-line spectrum is of very low excitation and is dominated by lines from neutral elemets (NaI, FeI, CaI) and molecular bands (TiO, ScO, AlO). We also analyse all the observational data, mainly photometric measurements, available for V4332 Sgr. This allows us to follow the evolution of the effective temperature, radius and luminosity of the object since February 1994 till 2003. We show that the observed decline of V4332 Sgr can be accounted for by a gravitational contraction of an inflated stellar envelope. The combined optical and infrared photometry in 2003 shows that apart from the M-type stellar component there is a strong infrared excess in the KLM bands. This excess was absent in the 2MASS measurements done in 1998 but was probably starting to appear in K in 1999 when the object was observed in the DENIS survey. We interpret the results in terms of a stellar merger scenario proposed by Soker & Tylenda. The infrared excess is likely to be due to a disc-like structure which is either of protostellar nature or has been produced during the 1994 eruption and stores angular momentum from the merger event.
Key words: stars: variables: general / stars: circumstellar matter / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: individual: V4332 Sgr, V838 Mon
© ESO, 2005