Volume 438, Number 2, August I 2005
|Page(s)||475 - 480|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||08 July 2005|
Extragalactic source contributions to arcminute-scale Cosmic Microwave Background anisotropies
Departamento de Física, Universidad de Oviedo, c. Calvo Sotelo s/n, 33007 Oviedo, Spain e-mail: email@example.com
2 International School for Advanced Studies, SISSA/ISAS, Via Beirut 2-4, 34014 Trieste, Italy
3 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
4 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
5 Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad de Oviedo, c. Calvo Sotelo s/n, 33007 Oviedo, Spain
Accepted: 21 April 2005
The possible contributions of the various classes of extragalactic sources (including, in addition to the canonical radio sources, GHz Peaked Spectrum sources, advection-dominated sources, starburst galaxies, high-redshift proto-spheroidal galaxies) to the arcminute scale fluctuations measured by the CBI, BIMA, and ACBAR experiments are discussed. At 30 GHz, fluctuations due to radio sources undetected by ancillary low-frequency surveys may be higher than estimated by the CBI and BIMA groups. High-redshift dusty galaxies, whose fluctuations may be strongly enhanced by the effect of clustering, could contribute to the BIMA excess signal, and dominate at 150 GHz (the ACBAR frequency). Moreover, in the present data situation, the dust emission of these high-redshift sources set an unavoidable limit to the detection of primordial CMB anisotropies at high multipoles, even at frequencies as low as 30 GHz. It is concluded that the possibility that the excess power at high multipoles is dominated by unsubtracted extragalactic sources cannot be ruled out. On the other hand, there is room for a contribution from the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect within clusters of galaxies, with a density fluctuation amplitude parameter consistent with the values preferred by current data.
Key words: cosmic microwave background / galaxies: general / radio continuum: galaxies
© ESO, 2005
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