EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 437, Number 1, July I 2005
Page(s) 149 - 158
Section Interstellar and circumstellar matter
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20042566
Published online 10 June 2005

A&A 437, 149-158 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20042566

Sulphur chemistry and molecular shocks: The case of NGC 1333-IRAS 2

V. Wakelam1, C. Ceccarelli2, A. Castets1, B. Lefloch2, L. Loinard3, A. Faure2, N. Schneider1 and J.-J. Benayoun2

1  L3AB, Observatoire de Bordeaux, BP 89, 33270 Floirac, France
    e-mail: wakelam@mps.ohio-state.edu
2  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire de Grenoble - BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 09, France
3  Centro de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal Postal 72-3 (Xangari), 58089 Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico

(Received 17 December 2004 / Accepted 23 February 2005 )

We present SO and SO2 observations in the region of the low mass protostar IRAS 2/NGC 1333. The East-West outflow originating from this source has been mapped in four transitions of both SO and SO2. In addition, CS observations published in the literature have been used. We compute the SO, SO2 and CS column densities and the physical conditions at several positions of the outflow using LTE and a non-LTE LVG approximations. The SO2/SO and CS/SO abundance ratios are compared with the theoretical predictions of a chemical model adapted to the physical conditions in the IRAS 2 outflow.

The SO2/SO abundance ratios are constant in the two lobes of the outflow whereas CS/SO is up to 6 times lower in the shocked gas of the East lobe than in the West one. The comparison with the chemical model allows us to constrain the age of the outflow produced by IRAS 2 to $\le$ $ 5\times
10^3$ yr. We find low densities and temperatures for the outflow of IRAS 2 (<106 cm-3 and $\le$70 K) from SO and SO2 emission probably because the two molecules trace the cooled entrained material. The East lobe of the outflow shows denser gas compared to the West lobe. We also discuss some constraints on the depleted form of sulphur.

Key words: ISM: abundances -- ISM: molecules -- stars: formation -- ISM: jets and outflows -- ISM: individual objects: NGC 1333-IRAS 2

SIMBAD Objects in preparation

© ESO 2005

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