Volume 435, Number 3, June I 2005
|Page(s)||955 - 965|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||13 May 2005|
Detection of 75+ pulsation frequencies in the δ Scuti star FG Virginis
Institut für Astronomie der Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180 Wien, Austria e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
3 Theoretical Astrophysics Programme, University of the North-West, Private Bag X2046, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa
4 Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia, CSIC, Apdo 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
Accepted: 31 January 2005
Extensive photometric multisite campaigns of the δ Scuti variable FG Vir are presented. For the years 2003 and 2004, 926 h of photometry at the millimag precision level were obtained. The combinations with earlier campaigns lead to excellent frequency resolution and high signal/noise. A multifrequency analysis yields 79 frequencies. This represents a new record for this type of star. The modes discovered earlier were confirmed. Pulsation occurs over a wide frequency band from 5.7 to 44.3 c/d with amplitudes of 0.2 mmag or larger. Within this wide band the frequencies are not distributed at random, but tend to cluster in groups. A similar feature is seen in the power spectrum of the residuals after 79 frequencies are prewhitened. This indicates that many additional modes are excited. The interpretation is supported by a histogram of the photometric amplitudes, which shows an increase of modes with small amplitudes. The old question of the “missing modes” may be answered now: the large number of detected frequencies as well as the large number of additional frequencies suggested by the power spectrum of the residuals confirms the theoretical prediction of a large number of excited modes. FG Vir shows a number of frequency combinations of the dominant mode at 12.7162 c/d () with other modes of relatively high photometric amplitudes. The amplitudes of the frequency sums are higher than those of the differences. A second mode (20.2878 c/d) also shows combinations. This mode of azimuthal order is coupled with two other modes of .
Key words: stars: variables: δ Sct / stars: oscillations / stars: individual: FG Vir / techniques: photometric
© ESO, 2005
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