Clusters of galaxies in the microwave band: Influence of the motion of the Solar System
Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 86740 Garching bei München, Germany e-mail: [jchluba;gert]@mpa-garching.mpg.de
2 Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya 84/32 Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 7 January 2005
We consider the changes of the SZ cluster brightness, flux and number counts induced by the motion of the Solar System with respect to the frame defined by the cosmic microwave background (CMB). These changes are connected to the Doppler effect and aberration and exhibit a strong spectral and spatial dependence. The correction to the SZ cluster brightness and flux has an amplitude and spectral dependence, which is similar to the first order cluster peculiar velocity correction to the thermal SZ effect and hence may lead to a ∼10% correction to the kinetic SZ effect. Due to the change in the received cluster CMB flux, the motion of the Solar System induces a dipolar asymmetry in the observed number of clusters above a given flux level. Similar effects were discussed for γ-ray bursts and radio galaxies, but here, due to the very peculiar frequency-dependence of the thermal SZ effect, the number of observed clusters in one direction of the sky can be both decreased or increased depending on the frequency band.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / cosmology: cosmic microwave background / cosmology: observations
© ESO, 2005