Mass-loss, episodic star formation and the HI envelope of blue compact dwarfs
Department of Astronomy, School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-Ku, 606-8502 Kyoto, Japan e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 31 January 2005
The star formation history of a class of dwarf galaxies like BCDs (blue compact dwarfs) is episodic and/or intermittent. Episodic star formation is theoretically supported by the limit-cycle model of the interstellar medium (ISM). This model describes the cyclic change among some components of the multi-phased ISM and the total mass of the ISM is conserved. However, the gravitational potential of dwarfs is very shallow. Then, the effect of mass-loss from dwarfs should be examined to investigate the limit-cycle of the ISM. In this paper, we study how the limit-cycle is affected by mass-loss. According to our results, when the time-scale of mass-loss is comparable to the covering time-scale of supernova remnants over a dwarf, the limit-cycle is delayed and an episodic star-formation history is inhibited. Inversely, if the mass-loss is gradual, our model predicts an HI-rich ISM and possible episodic star formation. This prediction is consistent with the typical images of BCDs which are composed of a large amount of HI and on-going star forming regions.
Key words: hydrodynamics / ISM: structure / ISM: evolution / Galaxy: evolution / ISM: supernova remnants
© ESO, 2005