Volume 427, Number 3, December I 2004
|Page(s)||L21 - L24|
|Published online||16 November 2004|
Letter to the Editor
Hard X-ray emission clumps in the γ-Cygni supernova remnant: An INTEGRAL-ISGRI view
A. F. Ioffe Institute for Physics and Technology, 26 Polytechnicheskaia, 194021 St. Petersburg, Russia e-mail: email@example.com
2 SRON National Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands
3 Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, PO Box 3818, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
4 CEA – Saclay, DSM/DAPNIA/Service d'Astrophysique, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
5 Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, 13 Universitetskij, 119899 Moscow, Russia
6 Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 17, Bât. B5c, 4000 Liège, Belgium
7 Astro Space Center of the Lebedev Physics Institute, 84/32 Profsoyuznaia, 117810 Moscow, Russia
8 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
Accepted: 9 October 2004
Spatially resolved images of the galactic supernova remnant G78.2+2.1 (γ-Cygni) in hard X-ray energy bands from 25 keV to 120 keV are obtained with the IBIS-ISGRI imager aboard the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory INTEGRAL. The images are dominated by localized clumps of about ten arcmin in size. The flux of the most prominent North–Western (NW) clump is ( in the 25–40 keV band. The observed X-ray fluxes are in agreement with extrapolations of soft X-ray imaging observations of γ-Cyg by ASCA GIS and spatially unresolved RXTE PCA data. The positions of the hard X-ray clumps correlate with bright patches of optical line emission, possibly indicating the presence of radiative shock waves in a shocked cloud. The observed spatial structure and spectra are consistent with model predictions of hard X-ray emission from nonthermal electrons accelerated by a radiative shock in a supernova interacting with an interstellar cloud, but the powerful stellar wind of the O9V star HD 193322 is a plausible candidate for the NW source as well.
Key words: gamma rays: observations / X rays: ISM: supernova remnants / individual: G78.2+2.1 (γ-Cygni) / radiation mechanisms: nonthermal / cosmic rays
© ESO, 2004
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