Volume 425, Number 1, October I 2004
|Page(s)||15 - 32|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||10 September 2004|
RX J0256.5+0006: A merging cluster of galaxies at z = 0.36 observed with XMM-NEWTON
CEA/Saclay, Service d'Astrophysique, L'Orme des Merisiers, Bât. 709, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 Physics Department, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
3 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
4 Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Twelve Quays House, Egerton Wharf, Birkenhead L41 1LD, UK
Accepted: 9 June 2004
We present here a study based on Xmm-newton data of RX J0256.5+0006, a medium distant () cluster of galaxies found in the Bright SHARC catalog. The X-ray emitting intracluster medium shows a bimodal structure: one main cluster component and a substructure in the west, which very likely falls onto the main cluster centre. The subcluster shows after subtraction of the main cluster component a cometary shape pointing away from the main cluster centre, suggesting that ram pressure stripping is at work. Despite the indication of interaction between the two components we surprisingly do not find any sign of temperature gradients, which is contradictory to predictions from hydro dynamical simulations of cluster mergers. Due to the non-symmetric form of the main cluster we extract three surface brightness profiles in different sectors around its centre. We see large variations between the profiles, which we quantify by β model fitting. The corresponding rc's vary between 0.1-0.5 Mpc and the β's between 0.5–1.2. The variations of the profiles and the β model parameters indicate that the main cluster is not entirely relaxed. This hypothesis is strengthened further by the fact that the cluster is over luminous with respect to the (z-evolving) relation found for nearby clusters. Galaxy clusters show a high degree of self-similarity. Comparing our profiles to the scaled reference emission measure profile of Arnaud et al. based on nearby clusters, we find that only the profile extracted north-east (NE) of the main cluster centre is similar to this reference profile. This indicates that only the NE profile is representative for the relaxed part of this cluster component. Based on the β model parameters of the NE profile and the spectroscopically fitted temperature of keV we find for the total mass within r500 using the hydrostatic approach for the main cluster component. This value is in good agreement with the value ( ) obtained using the z-evolving relation from the HIFLUGCS sample based on nearby clusters. A non-z-evolving relation is only marginally consistent with our result. This is an indication that there exists evolution in the relation, as predicted from simple scaling laws. Calculating the corresponding gas mass fraction we find which is in good agreement with other work. We also develop a simple on-axis merger model for the cluster. As input we use the projected distance of the subcluster to the main cluster centre and the velocity difference of main and subcluster based on four galaxy redshifts spectroscopically measured with the Kitt Peak telescope. Together with a simple ram pressure model we find that the most likely physical distance of the subcluster to the main cluster lies between Mpc. The coherent results of on-axis merger and ram pressure model suggest that the merger in this cluster is indeed on-axis and not an off-axis merger with a large impact parameter. We find for the ratio of subcluster to main cluster mass values between 20–30% which indicates that the merger in RX J0256.5+0006 is a major merging event.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: RX J0256.5+0006 / galaxies: clusters: general / cosmology: observations
© ESO, 2004
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