Volume 424, Number 3, September IV 2004
|Page(s)||1075 - 1080|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||06 September 2004|
Thermal infrared observations of near-Earth asteroid 2002 NY40*
Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße, 85748 Garching, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile e-mail: email@example.com
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Ondrejov, 25165, Czech Republic e-mail: email@example.com
5 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschildstr. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 3 June 2004
We obtained N-band observations of the Apollo asteroid 2002 NY40 during its close Earth fly-by in August 2002 with TIMMI2 at the ESO 3.6 m telescope. The photometric measurement allowed us to derive a radiometric diameter of km and an albedo of through the near-Earth asteroid thermal model (NEATM) and a thermophysical model (TPM). The values are in agreement with results from radar data, visual and near-IR observations. In this first comparison between these two model approaches we found that the empirical NEATM beaming parameter corresponds to a thermal inertia values of about 100 for a typical range of surface roughness, assuming an equator-on viewing angle. Our TPM analysis indicated that the surface of 2002 NY40 consists of rocky material with a thin or no dust regolith. The asteroid very likely has a prograde sense of rotation with a cold terminator at the time of our observations. Although both model approaches can fit the thermal spectra taken at phase angles of 22° and 59°, we did not find a consistent model solution that describes all pieces of photometric and spectroscopic data. In addition to the 2002 NY40 analysis, we discuss the possibilities to distinguish between different models with only very few photometric and/or spectroscopic measurements spread over a range of phase angles.
Key words: minor planets, asteroids / radiation mechanisms: thermal / infrared: solar system
© ESO, 2004
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