Volume 421, Number 3, July III 2004
|Page(s)||1021 - 1030|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||29 June 2004|
Non-thermal X-ray emission from young supernova remnants
Astronomical Institute, Utrecht University, PO Box 80000, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
2 FOM-Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, PO Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
Corresponding author: E. van der Swaluw, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 8 March 2004
The Galactic (nucleonic) cosmic-ray spectrum up to the knee ( eV) is attributed to acceleration processes that take place near the external shocks around supernova remnants (SNRs). Theoretical predictions based on the theory of diffusive shock acceleration give a similar estimate for the maximum particle energy that can be reached at these shocks: eV. Electrons with energies eV radiate X-ray photons in the ~G magnetic fields present in many young SNRs. These electrons near the knee give rise to a non-thermal X-ray component in the spectrum of young supernova remnants. Recent observations of SN1006 and G347.3-0.5 confirm this prediction. We have combined hydrodynamical calculations of the evolution of a young remnant with an algorithm that simultaneously calculates the acceleration of electrons, their radiation losses and the synchrotron spectrum of a young supernova remnant. The electrons are treated using a test-particle approximation. We give a semi-analytical estimate of the maximum electron energy and typical synchrotron frequencies for young remnants at the end of the free-expansion stage of their evolution. We present spectra of the energy distribution of the electrons in a young supernova remnant, and construct a synchrotron map in the X-ray domain, assuming Bohm diffusion within the remnant and a shock-compressed magnetic field.
Key words: ISM: cosmic rays / ISM: supernova remnants / shock waves / acceleration of particles
© ESO, 2004
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.