Volume 421, Number 3, July III 2004
|Page(s)||877 - 886|
|Published online||29 June 2004|
Internal shocks and the blazar sequence
Low and intermediate power BL Lac objects
INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
2 JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
3 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate, Italy
4 Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, CB3 0HA, Cambridge, UK
5 SISSA/ISAS, via Beirut 2-4, 34014 Trieste, Italy
Corresponding author: D. Guetta, email@example.com
Accepted: 21 March 2004
We consider internal shocks as the main dissipation mechanism responsible for the emission in blazars and show that it can satisfactorily account for the properties of all blazars. In particular, we extend previous work (Spada et al. [CITE]) on powerful objects, to intermediate (BL Lac) and low power sources (Mkn 421), in order to reproduce the whole of the blazar sequence. The model self-consistently treats the dynamics, spectral emission and its variability. The key parameters driving the phenomenological sequence are the jet power and the properties of the broad line region, which regulate the cooling efficiency of the emitting particles and thus the shape of the spectral energy distribution. By assuming that the remaining parameters are similar for all objects it has been possible to reproduce the full range of the observed spectral “states". A more detailed comparison of the variability properties shows (for Mkn 421) a good agreement in the X-ray band, while in the optical the simulated flux appears to be too variable. For BL Lac lags (~10 days) are predicted between the γ-rays and the infrared emission.
Key words: galaxies: jets / galaxies: nuclei / radio continuum: galaxies / galaxies: individual: Mkn 421, BL Lac
© ESO, 2004
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