Letter to the Editor
Mid-infrared selection of AGN *
Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universität Bochum (AIRUB), Universitätsstr. 150/NA7, 44780 Bochum, Germany
2 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
3 HERSCHEL Science Centre, ESA, Noordwijk, PO Box 299, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
4 Department of Mathematics, Appl. Math. & Astronomy, University of South Africa, PO Box 392, Pretoria 0003, South Africa
5 Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, 07778 Tautenburg, Germany
6 XMM-Newton Science Operation Center, ESA, Vilspa, Apartado 50727, 28080 Madrid, Spain
Corresponding author: M. Haas, email@example.com
Accepted: 15 April 2004
Since a large fraction of active galactic nuclei (AGN) is missed in common UV-excess surveys and is even hard to find in radio, near-IR and X-ray surveys, we have used a new AGN selection technique which is expected to be not affected by extinction. Within the scientific verification of the ISOCAM Parallel Survey at m we have discovered objects with exceptional mid-infrared (MIR) emission. They are essentially not detected on IRAS-ADDSCANs and only very few of them show up in the NVSS and FIRST radio surveys. Various colour criteria of the m data with 2MASS and optical wavebands show that the sources reach more extreme IR colours than the sources in the Hubble Deep Field-South and the ELAIS survey. The comparison with known object types suggests that we have found AGN with a pronounced MIR emission, probably due to circum-nuclear dust. First results from optical spectroscopy of ten candidates corroborate this interpretation showing four AGN, two reddened LINER and four extremely reddened emission-line galaxies with MIR/FIR flux ratios higher than for known pure starburst galaxies. The results will make a significant contribution to the debate on the entire AGN population.
Key words: galaxies: fundamental parameters / galaxies: photometry / quasars: general / infrared: galaxies
Based on observations with the Infrared Space Observatory ISO, an ESA project with instruments funded by ESA Member States (especially the PI countries: France, Germany, The Netherlands and UK) and with the participation of ISAS and NASA, and also based on observations at the South African Astronomical Observatory SAAO.
© ESO, 2004