Volume 418, Number 2, May I 2004
|Page(s)||625 - 637|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||09 April 2004|
XMM-Newton and VLT observations of the isolated neutron star 1E 1207.4–5209*
Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Sezione di Milano “G.Occhialini” - CNR v.Bassini 15, 20133 Milano, Italy
2 Università degli Studi di Pavia, Dipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica, via Bassi 6, 27100 Pavia, Italy
3 European Southern Observatory, Karl Schwarzschild Strasse 2, 85740, Garching, Germany
4 Centre d'Étude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS-UPS, 9, avenue du Colonel Roche, 31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
Corresponding author: A. De Luca, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 23 December 2003
In August 2002, XMM-Newton devoted two full orbits to the observation of 1E 1207.4–5209, making this isolated neutron star the most deeply scrutinized galactic target of the mission. Thanks to the high throughput of the EPIC instrument, ~360 000 photons were collected from the source, allowing a very sensitive study of the temporal and spectral behaviour of this object. The spectral data, both time-averaged and phase-resolved, yield one compelling interpretation of the observed features: cyclotron absorption from one fundamental (~0.7 keV) and three harmonics, at ~1.4, ~2.1 and ~2.8 keV. Possible physical consequences are discussed, also on the basis of the obvious phase variations of the features' shapes and depths. We also present deep VLT optical data which we have used to search for a counterpart, with negative results down to .
Key words: pulsars: individual: 1E 1207.4–5209 / stars: neutron / X-ray: stars
© ESO, 2004
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