Letter to the Editor
High-amplitude, long-term X-ray variability in the solar-type star HD 81809: The beginning of an X-ray activity cycle?
Astrophysics Division – Research and Science Support Dept. of ESA, Postbus 299, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
3 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS 15, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
4 Universität Hamburg, Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
5 Paul Scherrer Institut, Würenlingen and Villigen, 5235 Switzerland
6 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambdridge 02138 MA, USA
7 Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Ctr., USA
Corresponding author: F. Favata, Fabio.Favata@rssd.esa.int
Accepted: 4 March 2004
We present the initial results from our XMM-Newton program aimed at searching for X-ray activity cycles in solar-type stars. HD 81809 is a G2-type star (somewhat more evolved than the Sun, and with a less massive companion) with a pronounced 8.2 yr chromospheric cycle, as evident from from the Mt. Wilson program data. We present here the results from the initial 2.5 years of XMM-Newton observations, showing that large amplitude (a factor of 10) modulation is present in the X-ray luminosity, with a clearly defined maximum in mid 2002 and a steady decrease since then. The maximum of the chromospheric cycle took place in 2001; if the observed X-ray variability is the initial part of an X-ray cycle, this could imply a phase shift between chromospheric and coronal activity, although the current descent into chromospheric cycle minimum is well reflected into the star's X-ray luminosity. The observations presented here provide clear evidence for the presence of large amplitude X-ray variability coherent with the activity cycle in the chromosphere in a star other than the Sun.
Key words: stars: X-rays
© ESO, 2004