Determining the equation of state of dark energy from angular size of compact radio sources and X-ray gas mass fraction of galaxy clusters
Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2 National Astronomical Observatory, 2-21-1, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan e-mail: email@example.com
Corresponding author: Zong-Hong Zhu, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 16 December 2003
Using recent measurements of angular size of high-z milliarcsecond compact radio sources compiled by Gurvits et al. ([CITE]) and X-ray gas mass fraction of galaxy clusters published by Allen et al. ([CITE], [CITE]), we explore their bounds on the equation of state, , of the dark energy, whose existence has been congruously suggested by various cosmological observations. We relax the usual constraint , and find that combining the two databases yields a nontrivial lower bound on . Under the assumption of a flat universe, we obtain a bound at 95.4% confidence level. The 95.4% confidence bound goes to when the constraint is imposed.
Key words: cosmology: cosmological parameters / cosmology: theory / cosmology: distance scale / galaxies: active / radio continuum: galaxies / X-ray: galaxies: clusters
© ESO, 2004