Volume 417, Number 2, April II 2004
|Page(s)||443 - 450|
|Published online||19 March 2004|
CIV absorbers in z quasars: Tracing early galactic halos evolution*
Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via Tiepolo, 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
2 Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98 bis Bld Arago, 75014 Paris, France
3 LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75 014 Paris, France
4 Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
Corresponding author: C. Péroux, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 3 December 2003
We use 29 quasar spectra to build a homogeneous sample of high-redshift CIV absorbers. We use these data to calculate the number density, , of Å CIV doublets. We find that increases with time from . In addition, Å CIV systems are more numerous than the former at all redshifts. On the contrary, of Wrest(MgII) Å MgII doublets decreases with time, in agreement with results from studies of LLS number densities. Below , none of all the classes of absorbers show signs of evolution. We interpret this as the formation of galactic envelopes from smaller halos. Furthermore, the doublet ratio / is found to decrease with time, a signature of the increase of the mean CIV column density. Finally, the W(SiIV1393)/W(CIV1548) ratios in strong absorbers ( Å) is found to be approximately constant from to and then to decrease with time. This result suggests that the highest column density absorbers are not sensitive to changes in the ionization continuum.
Key words: cosmology: observations / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: quasars: absorption lines / galaxies: halos / galaxies: high-redshift
© ESO, 2004
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