Volume 416, Number 3, March IV 2004
|Page(s)||829 - 837|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||09 March 2004|
Deep near-infrared imaging of RDCS J1252.9–2927 at z = 1.237*
The colour-magnitude diagram
European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Santiago, Chile
2 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Scwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
3 Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis Boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
4 Instituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
5 Department of Physics, University of California at Davis, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
6 Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, L-413, Livermore, CA 94551, USA
7 Astronomical Observatory, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
Corresponding author: C. Lidman, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 14 October 2003
We present deep SofI and ISAAC near-infrared imaging data of the X-ray luminous galaxy cluster RDCS J1252.9-2927. The ISAAC data were taken at the ESO Very Large Telescope under very good seeing conditions and reach limiting Vega magnitudes of 25.6 and 24.1 in the and bands respectively. The image quality is 0 45 in both passbands. We use these data to construct a colour-magnitude (C-M) diagram of galaxies that are within 20´´ of the cluster center and brighter than , which is five magnitudes fainter than the apparent magnitude of a galaxy in this cluster. The C-M relation is clearly identified as an over-density of galaxies with colours near . The slope of the relation is and the intrinsic scatter is 0.06 mag with a 90% confidence interval that extends from 0.04 to 0.09 mag. Both the slope and the scatter are consistent with the values measured for clusters at lower redshifts. These quantities have not evolved from to . However, significant evolution in the mean colour is detected. On average, the galaxies in RDCS J1252.9-2927 are 0.25 mag bluer than early-type galaxies in the Coma cluster. Using instantaneous single-burst solar-metallicity models, the average age of galaxies in the center of RDCS J1252.9-2927 is 2.7 Gyrs.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: formation / galaxies: photometry
© ESO, 2004
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