Volume 415, Number 3, March I 2004
|Page(s)||821 - 838|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||13 February 2004|
An XMM-Newton observation of the dynamically active binary cluster A1750
Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, L'Orme des Merisiers, Bât. 709, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
2 H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL, UK
3 Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France e-mail: email@example.com
Corresponding author: E. Belsole, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 19 November 2003
We present results from the XMM-Newton observation of the binary cluster A1750 at . We have performed a detailed study of the surface brightness, temperature and entropy distribution and confirm that the two main clusters of the system (A1750 N and A1750 C) have just started to interact. From the temperature distribution, we calculate that they are likely to merge sometime in the next 1 Gyr. The more massive cluster, A1750 C, displays a more complicated temperature structure than expected. We detect a hot region associated with a density jump ~450 kpc east of the cluster centre, which appears to be a shock wave. This shock is not connected with the binary merger, but it is intrinsic to A1750 C itself. From simple physical arguments and comparison with numerical simulations, we argue that this shock is related to a merging event that A1750 C has suffered in the past 1-2 Gyr. The larger scale structure around A1750 suggests that the system belongs to a rich supercluster, which would presumably increase the likelihood of merger events. These new XMM-Newton data thus show that A1750 is a complex system, where two clusters are starting to interact before having re-established equilibrium after a previous merger. This merger within a merger indicates that the present day morphology of clusters may depend not only on on-going interactions or the last major merging event, but also on the more ancient merger history, especially in dense environments.
Key words: X-rays: galaxies: clusters / X-rays: individual: A1750 / X-rays: general / cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe / shock waves
© ESO, 2004
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