Volume 414, Number 1, January IV 2004
|Page(s)||53 - 67|
|Published online||12 January 2004|
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2 School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK
Corresponding author: A. Fletcher, email@example.com
Accepted: 6 October 2003
The configuration of the regular magnetic field in M 31 is deduced from radio polarization observations at the wavelengths and . By fitting the observed azimuthal distribution of polarization angles, we find that the regular magnetic field, averaged over scales 1–3 kpc, is almost perfectly axisymmetric in the radial range 8 to , and follows a spiral pattern with pitch angles of to . In the ring between 6 and a perturbation of the dominant axisymmetric mode may be present, having the azimuthal wave number . A systematic analysis of the observed depolarization allows us to identify the main mechanism for wavelength dependent depolarization – Faraday rotation measure gradients arising in a magneto-ionic screen above the synchrotron disk. Modelling of the depolarization leads to constraints on the relative scale heights of the thermal and synchrotron emitting layers in M 31; the thermal layer is found to be up to three times thicker than the synchrotron disk. The regular magnetic field must be coherent over a vertical scale at least similar to the scale height of the thermal layer, estimated to be . Faraday effects offer a powerful method to detect thick magneto-ionic disks or halos around spiral galaxies.
Key words: galaxies: magnetic fields / galaxies: individual: M 31 / galaxies: spiral / ISM: magnetic fields / radio continuum: galaxies / polarization
© ESO, 2004
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