Volume 413, Number 3, January III 2004
|Page(s)||861 - 878|
|Published online||07 January 2004|
Relativistic emission lines from accreting black holes
The effect of disk truncation on line profiles
Landessternwarte Koenigstuhl, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Corresponding author: A. Müller, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 September 2003
Relativistic emission lines generated by thin accretion disks around rotating black holes are an important diagnostic tool for testing gravity near the horizon. The iron K–line is of special importance for the interpretation of the X–ray emission of Seyfert galaxies, quasars and galactic X–ray binary systems. A generalized kinematic model is presented which includes radial drifts and non–Keplerian rotations for the line emitters. The resulting line profiles are obtained with an object–oriented ray tracer operating in the curved Kerr background metric. The general form of the Doppler factor is presented which includes all kinds of poloidal and toroidal motions near the horizon. The parameters of the model include the spin parameter, the inclination, the truncation and outer radius of the disk, velocity profiles for rotation and radial drift, the emissivity profile and a multi–species line–system. The red wing flux is generally reduced when radial drift is included as compared to the pure Keplerian velocity field. All resulting emission line profiles can be classified as triangular, double–horned, double–peaked, bumpy and shoulder–like. Of particular interest are emission line profiles generated by truncated standard accretion disks (TSD). It is also shown that the emissivity law has a great influence on the profiles. The characteristic shoulder–like line profile observed for the Seyfert galaxy MCG–6–30–15 can be reproduced for suitable parameters.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: Seyfert / accretion / relativity / black hole physics / line: profiles
© ESO, 2004
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