Volume 413, Number 1, January I 2004
|Page(s)||273 - 283|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||17 December 2003|
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200 B, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique de Liège, Université de Liège, allée du Six Août 17, 4000 Liège, Belgium
3 Institut für Astronomie, Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180 Wien, Austria
4 Uppsala Astronomical Observatory, Box 515, 751 20, Uppsala, Sweden
Corresponding author: M. Briquet, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 4 September 2003
We present ground-based multi-colour Geneva photometry and high-resolution spectra of four variable B-type stars: HD 105382, HD 131120, HD 138769 and HD 55522. All sets of data reveal monoperiodic stars. A comparison of moment variations of two spectral lines, one silicon line and one helium line, allows us to exclude the pulsation model as being the cause of the observed variability of the four stars. We therefore delete the four stars from the list of candidate slowly pulsating B stars. We attribute the line-profile variations to non-homogeneous distributions of elements on the stellar surface and we derive abundance maps for both elements on the stellar surface by means of the Doppler Imaging technique. We confirm HD 131120 to be a He-weak star and we classify HD 105382, HD 138769 as new He-weak stars. HD 55522 has the solar helium abundance but the mean abundance value of He varies by 0.8 dex during the stellar rotation. For HD 131120 and HD 105382, helium is enhanced in regions of the stellar surface where silicon is depleted and depleted in regions where silicon is enhanced.
Key words: line: profiles / stars: individual: HD 131120, HD 105382, HD 138769, HD 55522
© ESO, 2004
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