Volume 410, Number 3, November II 2003
|1011 - 1022
|17 November 2003
Solar type IV burst spectral fine structures*
II. Source model
Institute of Applied Physics RAS, 603600 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
2 Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
Corresponding author: E. Ya. Zlotnik, email@example.com
Accepted: 28 July 2003
We discuss a source model for the origin of solar type IV burst fine structures (FS) using the data of an event in AR 7792 on 25 October 1994. After giving a comprehensive observational treatment of FS (Paper I), here we repeat the main observed facts to construct a simplified radio source model. It consists of two interacting loops (named LS1 and EL) with one spatial order of magnitude scale difference (turning heights 70 and 7 Mm). We consider the implications of this model for physical mechanisms of broad band pulsations (BBP) and zebra patterns (ZP). Our analysis leads to the conclusion that meter wave BBP and ZP originate from a common magnetic source structure – a large asymmetric coronal loop. It is shown that the BBP result from periodically repeated injections of fast electrons into the asymmetric magnetic trap. The excitation of plasma waves is due to the stream instability when these electrons are propagating along the loop. We demonstrate that a two percent quasi-periodic modulation of a magnetic field component in EL is sufficient for it to act as a periodic electron accelerator. The ZP is due to a plasma wave instability at the levels of double plasma resonance (DPR) in an inhomogeneous source distributed along the loop axis of LS1. The DPR frequencies appear at those height levels where the upper hybrid frequency is equal to a harmonic of the gyrofrequency. Two Appendices review theoretical details needed to understand the given ZP interpretation. The gyrofrequency as a function of height was derived from a force-free extrapolated field line that passes the coronal radio source. After knowing the loop turning height and the magnetic field strength we identified for a fixed observing time the harmonic number of each zebra stripe. The comparison of the calculated DPR levels with the observed zebra stripe peak frequencies yields a density law for the ZP source volume. It turns out that this is a barometric law with a temperature near 106 K. We demonstrate that the drift of the whole ZP to higher frequencies can be explained as a signature of magnetic field decrease and/or plasma cooling in the ZP source. The time delay between BBP and ZP was found to be due to the higher fast particle threshold of the DPR versus the beam instability. The present analysis confirms the double plasma resonance model for the ZP fine structure, and underlines the significance of force-free extrapolated photospheric fields for coronal magnetic field modelling.
Key words: Sun: flares / Sun: corona / Sun: radio radiation / Sun: magnetic fields
© ESO, 2003
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