A new template background estimate for source searching in TeV γ-ray astronomy
Max Planck Institut für Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, 69029 Heidelberg, Germany
Corresponding author: Gavin.Rowell@mpi-hd.mpg.de
Accepted: 30 July 2003
A new method is described that permits quickly and easily, a 2-dimensional search for TeV γ-ray sources over large fields of view (~) with instruments utilising the imaging atmospheric Čerenkov technique. It employs as a background estimate, events normally rejected according to a cosmic-ray background rejection criterion based on image shape, but with reconstructed directions overlapping the source of interest. This so-called template background model is demonstrated using example data taken with the stereoscopic HEGRA System of Čerenkov Telescopes. Discussion includes comparisons with a conventional background estimate and limitations of the model. The template model is well suited to the search for point-like, moderately extended sources and combinations thereof, and compensates well for localised systematic changes in cosmic-ray background response.
Key words: methods: data analysis / gamma rays: observations
© ESO, 2003