Volume 407, Number 3, September I 2003
|Page(s)||845 - 854|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||17 November 2003|
Stacking clusters in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey
Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, PO Box 1317, 85741 Garching, Germany
Corresponding author: M.Bartelmann, email@example.com
Accepted: 25 June 2003
Ongoing and planned wide-area surveys at optical and infrared wavelengths should detect a few times 105 galaxy clusters, roughly of which are expected to be at redshifts ≳0.8. We investigate what can be learned about the X-ray emission of these clusters from the ROSAT All-Sky Survey. While individual clusters at redshifts ≳0.5 contribute at most a few photons to the survey, a significant measurement of the mean flux of cluster subsamples can be obtained by stacking cluster fields. We show that the mean X-ray luminosity of clusters with mass selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey should be measurable out to redshift unity with signal-to-noise ≳10, even if clusters are binned with and . For such bins, a suitably chosen hardness ratio allows the mean temperature of clusters to be determined out to with a relative accuracy of for .
Key words: surveys / galaxies: clusters: general / X-rays: galaxies
© ESO, 2003
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