Volume 407, Number 1, August III 2003
|Page(s)||191 - 206|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||17 November 2003|
Self-consistent modeling of the outflow from the O-rich Mira IRC –20197
LERMA, UMR 8112, Observatoire de Paris, 61 Av. de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
2 Technische Universität Berlin, Zentrum für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Sekr. PN 8-1, Hardenbergstr. 36, 10623 Berlin, Germany
3 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft– und Raumfahrt, Institute of Space Sensor Technology and Planetary Exploration, Rutherfordstr. 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany
4 IRAM, 300 rue de la Piscine, 38406 St. Martin d'Hères, France
Corresponding author: K. S. Jeong, Kyung.Jeong@obspm.fr
Accepted: 6 May 2003
We present a self–consistent time–dependent model for the oxygen–rich Mira variable IRC –20197. This model includes a consistent treatment of the interactions among hydrodynamics, thermodynamics, radiative transfer, equilibrium chemistry, and heterogeneous dust formation with TiO2 nuclei. The model is determined by the stellar parameters, stellar mass , stellar luminosity , stellar temperature , and solar abundances of the elements. The pulsation of the star is simulated by a piston at the inner boundary where the velocity varies sinusoidally with a period of and an amplitude of . Based on the atmospheric structure resulting from this hydrodynamic calculation at different phases, we have performed angle– and frequency–dependent continuum radiation transfer calculations, which result in the spectral energy distributions at different phases of the pulsation cycle and in synthetic light curves at different wavelengths. These are in good agreement with the infrared observations of IRC –20197. The model yields a time averaged outflow velocity of and an average mass loss rate of which are in good agreement with the values derived from radio observations. Furthermore, the chemical composition of the resulting grains is discussed.
Key words: hydrodynamics / radiative transfer / stars: winds, outflows / stars: circumstellar matter / stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: individual: IRC –20197
© ESO, 2003
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