Volume 407, Number 1, August III 2003
|Page(s)||213 - 224|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||17 November 2003|
VLBI astrometry of circumstellar OH masers: Proper motions and parallaxes of four AGB stars
Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-6801, USA
2 Sterrewacht Leiden, Postbus 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
3 Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe, Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
4 Jodrell Bank Observatory, University of Manchester, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK11 9DL, UK
Corresponding author: W. H. T. Vlemmings, email@example.com
Accepted: 16 May 2003
The main-line OH masers around 4 AGB stars have been observed with the NRAO Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) at 8 epochs over a period of 2.5 yrs. Using a phase referencing technique, the position of the most compact maser spot of each star was monitored with respect to two extragalactic reference sources. For U Her and W Hya, we observe the most blue-shifted maser spot, while for R Cas and S CrB we only detect a compact red-shifted maser spot. We managed to determine an accurate proper motion and parallax for U Her, R Cas and S CrB, while additional motion of the compact blue-shifted maser of W Hya is shown to possibly be related to the stellar pulsation. The motion and radio position are compared with the stellar trajectory and absolute optical position determined by the Hipparcos satellite. For U Her and W Hya, the most blue-shifted maser is consistent with the amplified stellar image. The new distances are compared with several published relations, and in this respect the VLBI distances seem an improvement upon the Hipparcos distances.
Key words: masers / stars: circumstellar matter / stars: AGB and post-AGB / techniques: interferometric / astrometry
© ESO, 2003
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