Volume 407, Number 1, August III 2003
|Page(s)||303 - 309|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||17 November 2003|
Why hot horizontal branch stars can appear redder than red giants*
Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 2, 35122 Padova, Italy e-mail: piotto; bedin; ortolani; firstname.lastname@example.org
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, via M. Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
3 Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, CNR, via del Fosso del Cavaliere, 00133 Roma, Italy
4 Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Corresponding author: Y. Momany, email@example.com
Accepted: 16 May 2003
In this paper we report on a curious feature in the V, () color-magnitude diagrams of globular clusters. In our database, we find that a considerable fraction of blue horizontal branch stars, hotter than the instability strip and cooler than the Grundahl et al. (1999) jump (i.e., ), have () colors redder than their red giant progenitors. This red incursion is not expected on theoretical grounds, as horizontal branch stars (whose convective regions are less extended than in red giant structures) should not “appear” cooler than a red giant. Analyzing data from different telescopes we show that: 1) the horizontal branch red incursion is strongly dependent on the shape of the adopted U filter and to a lesser extent, on the B filter; 2) the photometry done with U filters that do not encompass the Balmer jump shows the blue horizontal branch red incursion; 3) the occurrence of this feature is also due to the peculiar dependence of the U and B magnitudes on star effective temperature, gravity, and metallicity; 4) theoretical tracks can reproduce the observed horizontal branch morphology, provided that the appropriate (i.e. exactly responding to the filters effectively used in the observations) transmission curve efficiencies are used for deriving color-T eff transformations; 5) the red incursion extent depends on metallicity.
Key words: stars: imaging / stars: evolution / stars: Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (HR) and C-M diagrams / stars: horizontal-branch / ultraviolet: stars
© ESO, 2003
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