Volume 406, Number 1, July IV 2003
|Page(s)||363 - 371|
|Published online||17 November 2003|
Relation of transition region blinkers to the low chromosphere
Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik, Schöneckstr. 6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Corresponding author: A. Brković, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 12 May 2003
We investigated the coupling between the low chromosphere, lower and upper transition region through the study of blinkers. Blinkers are extreme ultraviolet (EUV) small-scale transient brightenings best detected in transition region lines showing an intensity enhancement on the % level on average. We analysed time-series spectra of the C II,1037 Å ( K, lower transition region) and O VI, 1038 Å ( K, upper transition region) lines, as well as the C I, continuum at 1042 Å formed about 1 Mm above the solar surface, obtained with the Solar Ultraviolet Measurement of Emitted Radiation (SUMER) spectrometer on SOHO. Blinkers detected in C II, and O VI, have similar enhancement levels. We found a modest space-time overlap between blinkers in the two lines and a small correlation between C II, or O VI, blinkers and the corresponding light curve in the chromospheric continuum. This suggests a relation of EUV blinkers to the chromosphere, which could support the idea that blinkers are the consequence of granular collisions. The average duration of O VI, blinkers amounts to 10.0 min and of C II, blinkers to 6.7 min.
Key words: Sun: chromosphere / Sun: corona / Sun: transition region / Sun: UV radiation
© ESO, 2003
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