Volume 402, Number 3, May II 2003
First Science with the ODIN satellite
|Page(s)||1003 - 1011|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||23 April 2003|
The BP Tau disk: A missing link between Class II and III objects?*
Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de l'Observatoire de Grenoble, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
2 Institut de Radio Astronomie Millimétrique, 300 rue de la Piscine, 38406 Saint Martin d'Hères, France
3 Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800, USA
Corresponding author: A. Dutrey, Anne.Dutrey@obs.ujf-grenoble.fr
Accepted: 30 January 2003
We present new single-dish (30-m) observations and an improved analysis of our earlier interferometric observations (Simon et al. 2000) of BP Tau. Our analysis yields a detailed description of the properties of the circumstellar disk. The disk is small (outer radius 120 AU) and marginally optically thick in the , line. It is also relatively hot, about 50 K at 100 AU. The mm continuum emission is consistent with a thermal emission from circumstellar dust with an emissivity index , and a disk mass about . The anomalously low to dust emission ratio implies that either CO is depleted by a factor of the order of 150 with respect to H2, or has a very low gas to dust ratio, or highly anomalous dust properties. The disk exhibits direct evidence of Keplerian rotation, but because of a combination of insufficient resolution and optically thin CO emission, the mass derived for the star remains inaccurate (between 0.6 and for 140 pc). The unusual properties of the circumstellar disk suggest that BP Tau may be a transient object in the process of clearing its disk.
Key words: stars: circumstellar matter / stars: pre-main sequence / radio lines: stars
© ESO, 2003
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