Volume 401, Number 3, April III 2003
|Page(s)||1143 - 1150|
|Published online||01 April 2003|
Temporal and angular variation of the solar limb brightening at 17 GHz
CRAAM, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São José dos Campos, SP 12201-970, Brasil
2 CRAAM, Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo, SP 01302-907, Brasil
3 Nobeyama Radio Observatory, Minamimaki, Minamisaku, Nagano 384-1305, Japan
Corresponding author: C. L. Selhorst, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 19 December 2002
In order to better understand the atmosphere structure of the Sun, we have analyzed over 3000 daily maps of the Sun taken at 17 GHz from the Nobeyama Radioheliograph (NoRH) from 1992 through 2001, focusing on the excess brightness temperature observed near the limb. The purpose of this work is to characterize the limb brightness in two ways: (i) study the temporal variation of the intensity and radial width of polar brightening; and (ii) measure the brightness distribution along the limb as a function of position angle and compare it with data at other wavelengths throughout the solar cycle. The mean intensity of the polar regions were found to be approximately 13% and 14% above quiet Sun levels at the North and South poles, respectively. Moreover, the polar brightenings are strongly anti-correlated with solar activity (as measured by sunspot number). The radial width of the excess brightness is slightly over 1 arcmin for both polar regions. Only a small variation with the solar cycle was observed during the decline of last maximum, that is, the Southern polar brightening was found to be both wider and brighter than the Northern one for the 23rd cycle. As for the angular variation of the limb brightening, for a month during a period of minimum activity, it reaches 25% above quiet Sun levels at the poles, ~15% near the equator, and 10% at intermediate regions. Hα images also show brightening enhancements at the polar regions for the same period. We also found a strong anti-correlation between the radio polar brightenings and the coronal holes seen in soft X-ray images from 1992 to 2001. There seems to be a strong association of the radio limb brightening at 17 GHz with faculae. The implications of these correlations are discussed.
Key words: Sun: general / Sun: corona / Sun: chromosphere
© ESO, 2003
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