Volume 400, Number 2, March III 2003
|Page(s)||709 - 727|
|Published online||03 March 2003|
IV. G9 to M2 stars
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KULeuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Institute for Astronomy and Space Physics, Box 515, 75120 Uppsala, Sweden
3 GRAAL – CC72, Université de Montpellier II, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
4 Observatoire Royal de Belgique, Avenue Circulaire 3, 1180 Bruxelles, Belgium
Corresponding author: L. Decin, Leen.Decin@ster.kuleuven.ac.be
Accepted: 2 December 2002
A detailed spectroscopic study of 11 giants with spectral type from G9 to M2 is presented. The 2.38–4.08 μm wavelength-range of band 1 of ISO-SWS (Short-Wavelength Spectrometers on board of the Infrared Space Observatory) in which many different molecules – with their own dependence on each of the stellar parameters – are absorbing, enables us to estimate the effective temperature, the gravity, the microturbulence, the metallicity, the CNO-abundances, the -ratio and the angular diameter from the ISO-SWS data. Using the Hipparcos' parallax, the radius, luminosity and gravity-inferred mass are derived. The stellar parameters obtained are in good agreement with other published values, though also some discrepancies with values deduced by other authors are noted. For a few stars (δ Dra, ξ Dra, α Tuc, H Sco and α Cet) some parameters – e.g. the CNO-abundances – are derived for the first time. By examining the correspondence between different ISO-SWS observations of the same object and between the ISO-SWS data and the corresponding synthetic spectrum, it is shown that the relative accuracy of ISO-SWS in band 1 (2.38–4.08 μm) is better than 2% for these high-flux sources. The high level of correspondence between observations and theoretical predictions, together with a confrontation of the estimated (ISO) value with values derived from colours – which demonstrates the consistency between , BCK, and derived from optical or IR data – proves that both the used marcs models to derive the stellar quantities and the flux calibration of the ISO-SWS detectors have reached a high level of reliability.
Key words: infrared: stars / stars: atmospheres / stars: late-type / stars: fundamental parameters
© ESO, 2003
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