Line-of-sight effects on observability of kink and sausage modes in coronal structures with imaging telescopes
Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK
Corresponding author: V. M. Nakariakov, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 25 October 2002
Kink modes of solar coronal structures, perturbing the loop in the direction along the line-of-sight (LOS), can be observed as emission intensity disturbances propagating along the loop provided the angle between the LOS and the structure is not ninety degrees. The effect is based upon the change of the column depth of the loop (along the LOS) by the wave. The observed amplitude of the emission intensity variations can be larger than the actual amplitude of the wave by a factor of two and there is an optimal angle maximizing the observed amplitude. For other angles this effect can also attenuate the observed wave amplitude. The observed amplitude depends upon the ratio of the wave length of kink perturbations to the width of the structure and on the angle between the LOS and the axis of the structure. Sausage modes are always affected negatively from the observational point of view, as the observed amplitude is always less than the actual one. This effect should be taken into account in the interpretation of wave phenomena observed in the corona with space-borne and ground-based imaging telescopes.
Key words: magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / waves / Sun: activity / Sun: corona / Sun: oscillations / Sun: UV radiation
© ESO, 2003