Volume 395, Number 1, November III 2002
|Page(s)||129 - 140|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||29 October 2002|
Confirmation of two cyclotron lines in Vela X-1
Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik – Astronomie, Sand 1, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
2 Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94702-7450, USA
3 INTEGRAL Science Data Center, 6 ch. d'Écogia, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
4 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstr. 1, 85740 Garching, Germany
5 Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0424, USA
Corresponding author: I. Kreykenbohm, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 9 August 2002
We present pulse phase-resolved X-ray spectra of the high mass X-ray binary Vela X-1 using the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer. We observed Vela X-1 in 1998 and 2000 with a total observation time of ~90 ksec. We find an absorption feature at in the main pulse, that we interpret as the fundamental cyclotron resonant scattering feature (CRSF). The feature is deepest in the rise of the main pulse where it has a width of and an optical depth of . This CRSF is also clearly detected in the secondary pulse, but it is far less significant or undetected during the pulse minima. We conclude that the well known CRSF at , which is clearly visible even in phase-averaged spectra, is the first harmonic and not the fundamental. Thus we infer a magnetic field strength of G.
Key words: X-rays: stars / stars: magnetic fields / stars: pulsars: individual: Vela X-1
© ESO, 2002
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