Volume 393, Number 3, October III 2002
|Page(s)||927 - 947|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||01 October 2002|
Molecular line study of the very young protostar IRAM 04191 in Taurus: infall, rotation, and outflow
Service d'Astrophysique, CEA/DSM/DAPNIA, C.E. Saclay, 91191, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
2 Observatoire de Bordeaux (INSU/CNRS), BP 89, 33270 Floirac, France
3 Division of Nuclear Medicine, Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Center, Vancouver, B.C., Canada
Corresponding author: A. Belloche, email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 12 July 2002
We present a detailed millimeter spectroscopic study of the circumstellar environment of the low-luminosity Class 0 protostar IRAM 04191+1522 in the Taurus molecular cloud. Molecular line observations with the IRAM 30 m telescope demonstrate that the ~14 000 AU radius protostellar envelope is undergoing both extended infall and fast, differential rotation. Radiative transfer modeling of multitransition CS and C34S maps indicate an infall velocity km s-1 at AU and km s-1 up to AU, as well as a rotational angular velocity rad s-1, strongly decreasing with radius beyond 3500 AU down to a value rad s-1 at ~11 000 AU. Two distinct regions, which differ in both their infall and their rotation properties, therefore seem to stand out: the inner part of the envelope ( AU) is rapidly collapsing and rotating, while the outer part undergoes only moderate infall/contraction and slower rotation. These contrasted features suggest that angular momentum is conserved in the collapsing inner region but efficiently dissipated due to magnetic braking in the slowly contracting outer region. We propose that the inner envelope is in the process of decoupling from the ambient cloud and corresponds to the effective mass reservoir (~) from which the central star is being built. Comparison with the rotational properties of other objects in Taurus suggests that IRAM 04191 is at a pivotal stage between a prestellar regime of constant angular velocity enforced by magnetic braking and a dynamical, protostellar regime of nearly conserved angular momentum. The rotation velocity profile we derive for the inner IRAM 04191 envelope should thus set some constraints on the distribution of angular momentum on the scale of the outer Solar system at the onset of protostar/disk formation.
Key words: stars: formation / stars: circumstellar matter / stars: rotation / stars: planetary systems: protoplanetary disks / ISM: kinematics and dynamics / ISM: molecules
© ESO, 2002
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