Volume 393, Number 3, October III 2002
|Page(s)||1053 - 1064|
|Section||Celestial mechanics and astrometry|
|Published online||01 October 2002|
Observations at Nançay of the OH 18-cm lines in comets*
The data base. Observations made from 1982 to 1999
Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, 92195 Meudon, France
Corresponding author: J. Crovisier, Jacques.Crovisier@obspm.fr
Accepted: 16 April 2002
Since the apparition of comet Kohoutek 1973 XII, the 18-cm lines of the OH radical have been systematically observed in a number of comets with the Nançay radio telescope. Between 1973 and 1999, 52 comets have been successfully detected. This allowed an evaluation of the cometary water production rates and their evolution with time, as well as a study of several physical processes such as the excitation mechanisms of the OH radio lines, the expansion of cometary atmospheres, their anisotropy in relation to non-gravitational forces, and the Zeeman effect in relation to the cometary magnetic field. Part of these observations and their analysis have already been published. The bulk of the results are now organized in a data base. The present paper is a general presentation of the Nançay cometary data base and a more specific description of the observations of 53 cometary apparitions between 1982 and 1999. Comets observed before 1982 are only partly incorporated in the data base. Observations of comets since 2000 have benefited from a major upgrade of the telescope; they will be presented in forthcoming publications.
Key words: comets: general / radio lines: solar system / solar system: general
Appendix A, Table 2 and figures of the sum spectra are only available in electronic form at http://www.edpsciences.org The spectra and tables of the Appendix are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-in/qcat?J/A+A/393/1053
© ESO, 2002
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