EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 392, Number 2, September III 2002
Page(s) 473 - 487
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20020953
Published online 30 August 2002

A&A 392, 473-487 (2002)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20020953

HI distribution and kinematics of NGC 1569

J. M. Stil1, 2 and F. P. Israel1

1  Leiden Observatory, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
2  Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

(Received 26 March 2002 / Accepted 20 June 2002)

We present WSRT observations of high sensitivity and resolution of the neutral hydrogen in the starburst dwarf galaxy NGC 1569. Assuming a distance of 2.2 Mpc, we find a total HI mass of $1.3 \times 10^8~M_\odot$ to be distributed in the form of a dense, clumpy ridge surrounded by more extended diffuse HI containing a few additional discrete features, such as a Western HI Arm and an HI bridge reaching out to a small counterrotating companion cloud. About 10% by mass of all HI in NGC 1569 is at unusually high velocities. Some of this HI may be associated with the mass outflow evident from H $\alpha$ measurements, but some may also be associated with NGC 1569's HI companion and intervening HI bridge, in which case, infall rather than outflow might be the cause of the discrepant velocities. No indication of a large bubble structure was found in position-velocity maps of the high-velocity HI. The galaxy as a whole is in modest overall rotation, but the HI gas lacks any sign of rotation within 60'' (0.6 kpc) from the center, i.e. over most of the optical galaxy. Here, turbulent motions resulting from the starburst appear to dominate over rotation. In the outer disk, the rotational velocities reach a maximum of $35 \pm 6\ \rm km\ s^{-1}$, but turbulent motion remains significant. Thus, starburst effects are still noticeable in the outer HI disk, although they are no longer dominant beyond 0.6 kpc. Even excluding the most extreme high-velocity HI clouds, NGC 1569 still has an unusually high mean HI velocity dispersion of $\sigma_{\rm v} = 21.3\rm ~km\, s^{-1}$, more than double that of other dwarf galaxies.

Key words: ISM: atoms -- galaxies: individual: NGC 1569 -- irregular -- kinematics and dynamics -- starburst

Offprint request: J. M. Stil, stil@ras.ucalgary.ca

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© ESO 2002

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