Volume 391, Number 3, September I 2002
|Page(s)||823 - 831|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||09 August 2002|
More evidence for hidden spiral and bar features in bright early-type dwarf galaxies*
Astronomisches Institut, Universität Basel, Venusstrasse 7, 4102 Binningen, Switzerland
2 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Australian National University, Mt Stromlo Observatory, Cotter Road, Weston ACT 2611, Australia
Corresponding author: F. D. Barazza, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 31 May 2002
Following the discovery of spiral structure in IC 3328 (Jerjen et al. [CITE]), we present further evidence that a sizable fraction of bright early-type dwarfs in the Virgo cluster are genuine disk galaxies, or are hosting a disk component. Among a sample of 23 nucleated dwarf ellipticals and dS0s observed with the Very Large Telescope in B and R, we found another four systems exhibiting non-axisymmetric structures, such as a bar and/or spiral arms, indicative of a disk (IC 0783, IC 3349, NGC 4431, IC 3468). Particularly remarkable are the two-armed spiral pattern in IC 0783 and the bar and trailing arms in NGC 4431. For both galaxies the disk nature has recently been confirmed by a rotation velocity measurement (Simien & Prugniel [CITE]). Our photometric search is based on a Fourier decomposition method and a specific version of unsharp masking. Some “early-type” dwarfs in the Virgo cluster seem to be former late-type galaxies which were transformed to early-type morphology, e.g. by “harassment”, during their infall to the cluster, while maintaining part of their disk structure.
Key words: galaxies: general / galaxies: fundamental parameters / galaxies: photometry / galaxies: structure
© ESO, 2002
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